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European imbalances and the crisis of the European Monetary Union
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European imbalances and the crisis of the European Monetary Union

30 Seiten · 4,48 EUR
(24. April 2013)

Ich bin mit den AGB, insbesondere Punkt 10 (ausschließlich private Nutzung, keine Weitergabe an Dritte), einverstanden und erkenne an, dass meine Bestellung nicht widerrufen werden kann.


Since the inception of European Monetary Union (EMU), the 17 members have built up strong and rising current account imbalances and corresponding financial imbalances. Among the 27 economies of the European Union (EU27) imbalances are even stronger. In this paper, I want to explore the driving forces for the imbalances, fathom their risks and their impact on the sovereign debt crisis of several member states. Next, I develop the proposition that the sovereign debt crisis of the peripheral countries (called GIIPS2) is mainly a reflection of European imbalances, and that the diagnosis of a sovereign debt crisis of the countries as the prime problem is misleading and respective policy conclusions do not address the fundamental issues. Although financial rescue efforts are urgently needed, they will be in vain as long as the underlying problems are not addressed.

Despite a number of similarities between the U.S. deficits vis à vis China and other emerging economies – often coined 'global imbalances' – and the deficits in some EMU countries, the EMU imbalances are quite different, much more explosive and have led the EMU to the brink of collapse. Without a thorough diagnosis and reforms that really address the root problems the EMU is doomed to fail.

In what follows, I will first give a short empirical overview on the European imbalances and then discuss eight different approaches to explain the EMU crisis. This leads to my own interpretation, based on the diagnosis of neo-mercantilism, which includes a digression on the role of diverging unit labour costs. Eventually I point out four Achilles heels in the design of the EMU that need remedy.

zitierfähiger Aufsatz aus ...
From crisis to growth?
Hansjörg Herr, Torsten Niechoj, Claus Thomasberger, Achim Truger, Till van Treeck (eds.):
From crisis to growth?
the author
Prof. Dr. Jan Priewe
Jan Priewe

geb. 1949, war bis 2014 Professor für Volkswirtschaftslehre an der Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin. Seit 2015 ist er Senior Research Fellow am Institut für Makroökonomie und Konjunkturforschung (IMK) in Düsseldorf.

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